Francesca Woodman, untitled, 1980, gelatin silver estate print, 25,4 × 20,3 cm
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Francesca Woodman (Denver, 1958 – New York, 1981) was an American photographer best known for her black and white pictures featuring either herself or female models. Many of her photographs show women, naked or clothed, blurred (due to movement and long exposure times), merging with their surroundings, or whose faces are obscured.

Woodman worked with traditional photographic techniques but was consistently performative and experimental in her practice. Many of her works are multi-media, including drawings, selected objects, and sculptures within her photographs. Settings may vary from confined interiors to the expansive outdoors, but Woodman herself is always there. Typically the sole subject, and often naked, she can be found caught entwined within a landscape or edging out of the photographic frame. Interested in the limits of representation, the artist's body is habitually cropped, endlessly concealed, and never wholly captured. Woodman was acutely aware of the evanescent nature of life and of living close to death. She positions the self as too limitless to be contained, and thus reveals singular identity as an elusive and fragmentary notion.

Woodman’s work has exhibited widely, including comprehensive solo exhibitions at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (2012), and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco (2011). Other exhibition venues include the Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich (2008); the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (2007); the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (2006); and the Fondation Cartier pour L’art contemporain (1998). Her work is present in the permanent collections of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; and the Detroit Institute of Arts.


Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, USA
Solo Shows
Photographs: 1977/1981, Libreria-Galleria il Museo del Louvre, Rome, Italy
Francesca Woodman, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland
Artist Rooms: Francesca Woodman, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art
Francesca Woodman, Espacio A.V., Murcia, Spain; SMS Contemporanea, Siena, Italy
Francesca Woodman, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York
Poetry and Dream Collection Display: Francesca Woodman, Tate Modern, London, England
Do I Still Exist If You Don’t See Me? Museum of New Art, Pontiac, Michiganm, USA
Francesca Woodman: Photographs 1975–1980, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, USA
Francesca Woodman: Photographs, Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
Francesca Woodman: Providence, Roma, New York, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, Italy
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, New York
Studio Guenzani, Milan, Italy
Francesca Woodman, Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris, France; Kunsthal, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal; The Photographers’ Gallery, London, England; Centro Cultural TeclaSala, L’Hospitalet, Barcelona, Spain; Carla Sozzani Gallery, Milan, Italy; The Douglas Hyde Gallery, Dublin, Ireland; PhotoEspana, Centro Cultural Conde Duque, Madrid, Spain
Recontres Internationales de la Photographie, Arles, France 1996 Galleria Civica, Modena, Italy
Casetti Galleria Libreria, Rome, Italy
Francesca Woodman, Photographic Arbeiten, Shedhalle, Zürich, Switzerland; Westfälischer Kunstverein, Münster, Germany; Kulturhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; Suomen Valokuvataiteen Museo SÄÄTIÖ, Helsinki, Finland; DAAD Galerie, Berlin, Germany; Galleri F15 Alby, Moss, Norway
Francesca Woodman, Photographic Work, Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Francesca Woodman, Photographic Work, Hunter College Art Gallery, New York, USA; Wellesley College Museum, Wellesley, Massachusetts, USA; University of Colorado Fine Arts Gallery, Boulder, Colorado, USA; UCI Fine Arts Gallery, University of California, Irvine, California, USA; Krannet Art Museum, Champaign, Illinois, USA
Swan Song, Woods-Gerry Gallery, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Libreria Maldoror, Rome, Italy
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts, USA
Group Shows
Donna: Feminist Avant-Garde of the 1970s, Works from the Sammlung Verbund, Vienna, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Rome, Italy
This is Not a Fashion Photograph: Selections from the ICP Collection, International Center for Photography (ICP), New York, USA
Subversive Spaces: Surrealism and Contemporary Art, The Whitworth Art Gallery, University of Manchester, Manchester, England
Angels of Anarchy: Women Artists and Surrealism, Manchester Art Gallery, Manchester, England
Ellipsis, Museo Tamayo, Mexico City, Mexico; Lund Kunstalle, Sweden; Dundee Contemporary Arts, Dundee, Scotland
The New Museum of Contemporary Art, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Freeway Balconies, Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin, Germany
Female Trouble, Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich, Germany
Darkside: Part One: Photographic Desire and Sexuality Photographed, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland
Diana and Actaeon—The Forbidden Sight of Nudity, Düsseldorf Kunst Palast Museum
Conversations, Kettle’s Yard, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England 
Implant, Horticultural Society of New York, UBS Art Gallery, New York, USA
Exposed: Defining Moments in Photography from the MCA Collection, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Illinois, USA
WACK!, Art and the Feminist Revolution, The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA, Los Angeles; Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, DC; PS 1, Long Island City, New York, USA
Collection Display: Francesca Woodman: Room 8, Poetry and Dream Wing, Tate Modern, London, England
Photography and the Self: The Legacy of F. Holland Day, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, USA
Taking Place: Photographs from the Prentice and Paul Sack Collection, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California, USA
Dormir, rê autres nuits, capcMusée d’art Contemporain, Bordeaux, France
Fashion and Photography, Megaron, Athens Concert Hall, Athens, Greece
How do we want to be governed?, Miami Art Central, Miami, Florida; The Secession, Vienna, Austria; Witte de With Center for Contemporary Art, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Reflecting the Mirror, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York, New York, USA
That bodies speak has been known for a long time, Generali Foundation, Vienna, Austria
Ideal and Reality: A History of the Nude, Galleria d’Arte Moderna, Bologna, Italy
The Disembodied Spirit, Bowdoin College Art Museum, Brunswick, Maine; Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, Missouri; Austin Museum of Art, Austin, Texas, USA
Incommunicado, Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, Norwich, England; City Art Centre, Edinburgh, Scotland; Cornerhouse, Manchester, England
After Image, The Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh; Helsinki City Art Museum, Helsinki; Victoria Miro Gallery, London, England
Claude Cahun, Francesca Woodman, and Justine Kurland, Susanne Hilberry Gallery, Ferndale, Michigan, USA
Hexenwahn, Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, Germany
Camera Women, Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, New Jersey, USA; The Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York, USA
Relative Positions, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, Texas, USA
The Wounded Diva: Hysteria, Body, Technology in 20th Century Art, Galerie im Taxispalais, Innsbruck, Austria; Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden, Baden, Germany
The American Century: Art & Culture, 1950–2000, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, USA
Space/Sight/Self, The University of Chicago David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art, Chicago, Illinois, USA
F-Comme Photographie, Fri-Art Centre D’art Contemporain Kunsthalle, Fribourg, Switzerland; The Skopelos Center, Skopelos, Greece
From the Heart: The Power of Photography – A Collector’s Choice, The Sondra Gilman Collection, South Texas Institute of the Arts, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA
Mirror Images: Women, Surrealism and Self-Representations, MIT, List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Miami Art Museum, Miami, Florida; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California
Recent Acquisitions, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, USA
Objectif corps, The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, Quebec Amours, Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris, France
Im Reich der Phantome, Stadtisches Museum Abteiberg Monchengladbach, Monchengladbach, Germany; Kunsthalle Krems, Austria, Germany; Fotomuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland
Engel, Engel, Kunsthalle Wein, Vienna, Austria
Inside the Visible, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, USA; National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, USA; Whitechapel, London, United Kingdom
Current 92: The Absent Body, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Sprung in die Zeit, Museum für Moderne Kunst, Photographie und Architektur, Berlin, Germany
Vanishing Presence, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA; The Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit, Michigan; Winnipeg Art Center, Winnipeg, Ontario, USA; High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia, USA
Identity: Representation of the Self, Whitney Museum of American Art, Downtown at Federal Reserve Plaza, New York, New York, USA
Sexual Difference: Both Sides of the Camera, Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA 
Memento Mori, Centro Cultural de Arte Contemporáneo, Mexico City, Mexico 1980 Pictorialism, Daniel Wolf, Inc., New York, USA
Beyond Photography 80, The Alternative Museum, New York, New York, USA
Friends of the Gallery, Daniel Wolf, Inc., New York, New York, USA
Group Show, Rhode Island School of Design Gallery in Palazzo Cenci, Rome, Italy
Cinque Giovani Artisti, Galleria Ugo Ferranti, Rome, Italy
Juried Competition, Woods-Gerry Gallery, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Photographs and Portraiture, Womanspace, Boulder, Colorado, USA
Juried Competition, Woods-Gerry Gallery, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Whitney Museum of American Art
The Museum of Modern Art
Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston
Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy
The Art Museum, Princeton University
RISD Museum
Middlebury College Museum of Art
The William Benton Museum of Art, University of Connecticut
The Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University Detriot Institute of Arts
Musee de Elysee Lausanne
The Photographer’s Gallery
Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain
Kunsthalle Bibliothek, Berlin 

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